Archive for the gods and goddesses Category

Athena

Posted in animals, birds, Goddess Athena /Minerva, gods and goddesses, owls, psychic finds on November 20, 2016 by Psychic eevee

Its strange how you can get drawn to something for years and not know why,

This is particularly weird because I am scared of statues (yes,even though I specialise in graveyard photography and lots of graveyards have statues)

My very first day at photography college I did a photo of a statue in the college grounds,it is a replica of the statue on the town hall roof

My college photo way back in 2000

The one on the town hall

I was not Pagan then and I was still terrified of birds ,so I was certainly not an owl fan !

When I became Pagan I learnt about Athena and her little owl

Then I discovered the owl is my power animal, this is a little owl,at the bird of prey sanctuary my husband volunteers at,their Latin name is Athena noctua

My grand daughter meeting a little owl with my hubby

My husband psychically found this in a charity shop

Very like the one I stumbled upon on Google

I psychically found this one

Typically found on Greek coins

A typical Greek tourist ornament.
So it seems I was meant to be Pagan,I was meant to have the owl as my power animal and maybe Athena should be my personal Goddess alongside Goddess Freya !
I do not approve that the Athena statue in town doesnt have an owl though !

CLOAKS AND GODDESSES

Posted in gaia, gods and goddesses, pagan and wiccan, venus, wiccan clothes and items with tags , , , on December 5, 2012 by Psychic eevee

CLOAKS AND GODDESSES

Some Wiccan / Pagan items I would like to get if I had lots of money
I really need a cloak or two, a black one for winter and a white one for summer
there are some beautiful Celtic ones out there like these, with my Celtic heritage I should really get one but they are not cheap !! I LOVE the purple one
this white one is called ” Arwen” which reminds me of my Grand Daughter Arwen Rose ,who was named after Arwen from “The Lord of the Rings”
This Mother Earth (Gaia) statue is amazing , I would need to win the lottery to get it though

Venus of Willendorf:  Neolithic.  Great-breasted Nurturer.  Willendorf Goddess represents Gaia, Mother Earth, and Mothering in all her raw and fertile splendor. The proud stance of this great-breasted nurturer, one of the earliest religious images of the Mother Goddess, is a powerful reminder that there is a standard for feminine beauty other than the one set by today’s advertisers.

She is considered the Goddess upon whose breast children find comfort, the “milk of human kindness,” and great safety and serenity.  Her wide-hipped form represents fertility in all of its forms.She is the most famous early image of a human, found in 1908 by the archaeologist Josef Szombathy in an Aurignacian loess deposit in a terrace about 30 meters above the Danube river near the town of Willendorf in Austria.

Her great age and pronounced female forms quickly established the Venus of Willendorf as an icon of prehistoric art, and she was soon included in introductory art history textbooks quickly displacing  other previously used examples of Paleolithic art.

Being both female and nude, she fitted perfectly into the patriarchal construction of the history of art. As the earliest known representation, she became the “first woman,” acquiring a sort of Ur-Eve identity. Original find is made of porous Oolitic limestone, not found in the region, and was presumably carved with flint tools.

GODDESS BAST / BASTET

Posted in animals, bast or bastet, familiars, gods and goddesses, tarot and oracles, wiccan clothes and items with tags , , , , , on December 5, 2012 by Psychic eevee

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I thought this was cute, my “familiar” Goddess Freya was not impressed that I got a new Bast

statue, I had bought quite a few things and as usual she made a beeline for the Wicca related items

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she was looking at it but with an expression that said ” I am the only cat Goddess around

here”

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she then turned her back on it !!

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this morning my mini Pagan Cats tarot arrived from amazon

they are beautifully designed, I wonder if my cat Goddess Freya will learn how to use them

they are the perfect size for her

info from wikipedia

Bastet

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article’s lead section may not adequately summarize key points of its contents. Please consider expanding the lead to provide an accessible overview of all important aspects of the article. (May 2010)
Bastet

Bastet the goddess of cats
Bastet the Goddess of Cats, Lower Egypt, the sun and the moon
Name inhieroglyphs
W1 t B1

Unicode: 𓎯𓏏𓁐

Major cult center Bubastis
Symbol the cat, the lioness, thesistrum
Parents RaIsis

Photograph of an alabaster cosmetic jar topped with a lioness, representing Bast, a burial artifact from the tomb of Tutankhamuncirca 1323 BC – Cairo Museum

Bastet is the name commonly used by scholars today to refer to a feline goddess of ancient Egyptian religion who was worshipped at least since the Second Dynasty. Her name is also spelled BastBaastUbasti and Baset.[1]

Contents

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[edit]Name

Bastet, the form of the name which is most commonly adopted by Egyptologists today, is a modern convention offering one possible reconstruction. In early Egyptian, her name appears to have been bȝstt. In Egyptian writing, the second tmarks a feminine ending, but was not usually pronounced, and the aleph ȝ may have moved to a position before the accented syllable, as witnessed by the Aramaic spelling ȝbst.[2] By the first millennium, then, bȝstt would have been something like ‘obest’ or ‘ubesti’ in Egyptian speech.[2]

The town of Bastet’s cult (see below) was known in Greek as Boubastis (Βούβαστις). The Hebrew rendering of the name for this town is Pî-beset (“House of Bastet”), spelled without Vortonsilbe.[2]

What the name of the goddess means remains uncertain.[2] One recent suggestion by Stephen Quirke (Ancient Egyptian Religion) explains it as meaning “She of the ointment jar”. This ties in with the observation that her name was written with the hieroglyph “oinment jar” (bȝs) and that she was associated with protective ointments, among other things.[2]

She was the goddess of Protection against contagious diseases and evil spirits. [3]

[edit]From lion-goddess to cat-goddess

From the third millennium BC, when Bastet begins to appear in our record, she is depicted as either a fierce lioness or a woman with the head of a lion.[4] Images of Bast were created from a local stone, named alabaster today.[citation needed]

Originally she was viewed as the protector goddess of Lower Egypt. As protector, she was seen as defender of the pharaoh, and consequently of the later chief male deity, Ra, who was also a solar deity, gaining her the titles Lady of Flame and Eye of Ra.

Her role in the Egyptian pantheon became diminished as Sekhmet, a similar lioness war deity, became more dominant in the unified culture of Lower and Upper Egypt.[citation needed]

In the first millennium BC, when domesticated cats were popularly kept as pets, Bastet began to be represented as a woman with the head of a cat and ultimately emerged as the Egyptian cat-goddess par excellence.[4] In the Middle Kingdom, the domestic cat appeared as Bastet’s sacred animal and after the New Kingdom she was depicted as a woman with the head of a cat or a lioness, carrying a sacred rattle and a box or basket.[5]

[edit]Bubastis

She was a local deity whose cult was centred in the city of Bubastis, now Tell Basta, which lay in the Delta near what is known as Zagazig today.[4][5] The town, known in Egyptian as pr-bȝstt (also transliterated as Per-Bast), carries her name, literally meaning “House of Bastet”. It was known in Greek as Boubastis (Βούβαστις) and translated into Hebrew as Pî-beset. In the biblical Book of Ezekiel 30:17, the town appears in the Hebrew form Pibeseth.[4]

[edit]Temple

Herodotus, a Greek historian who travelled in Egypt in the 5th century BC, describes Bastet’s temple at some length:

“Save for the entrance, it stands on an island; two separate channels approach it from the Nile, and after coming up to the entry of the temple, they run round it on opposite sides; each of them a hundred feet wide, and overshadowed by trees. The temple is in the midst of the city, the whole circuit of which commands a view down into it; for the city’s level has been raised, but that of the temple has been left as it was from the first, so that it can be seen into from without. A stone wall, carven with figures, runs round it; within is a grove of very tall trees growing round a great shrine, wherein is the image of the goddess; the temple is a square, each side measuring a furlong. A road, paved with stone, of about three furlongs’ length leads to the entrance, running eastward through the market place, towards the temple of Hermes; this road is about four hundred feet wide, and bordered by trees reaching to heaven.”[6]

The description offered by Herodotus and several Egyptian texts suggest that water surrounded the temple on three (out of four) sides, forming a type of lake known asisheru, not too dissimilar from that surrounding the Temple of the goddess Mut in Karnak at Thebes.[4] Lakes known as isheru were typical of temples devoted to a number of leonine goddesses who are said to represent one original goddess, daughter of the Sun-God Re / Eye of Re: Bastet, Mut, TefnutHathor and Sakhmet.[4]Each of them had to be appeased by a specific set of rituals.[4] One myth relates that a lioness, fiery and wrathful, was once cooled down by the water of the lake, transformed into a gentle cat and settled in the temple.[4]

[edit]Festival

Herodotus also relates that of the many solemn festivals held in Egypt, the most important and most popular one was that celebrated in Bubastis in honour of the goddess, whom he calls Bubastis and equates with the Greek goddess Artemis.[7][8] Each year on the day of her festival, the town is said to have attracted some 700,000 visitors (“as the people of the place say”), both men and women (but not children), who arrived in numerous crowded ships. The women engaged in music, song and dance on their way to the place, great sacrifices were made and prodigious amounts of wine were drunk, more than was the case throughout the year.[9] This accords well with Egyptian sources which prescribe that leonine goddesses are to be appeased with the “feasts of drunkenness”.[2]

The goddess Bast was sometimes depicted holding a ceremonial sistrum in one hand and an aegis in the other—the aegis usually resembling a collar or gorget embellished with a lioness head.

Bast was a goddess of the sun throughout most of Ancient Egyptian history, but later when she was changed into a cat goddess rather than a lioness, she was changed to a goddess of the moon by Greeks occupying Ancient Egypt toward the end of its civilization. In Greek mythology, Bast also is known as Ailuros.

[edit]History and connection to other gods

This section needs additionalcitations for verification.(February 2010)

Cats in ancient Egypt were revered highly, partly due to their ability to combat vermin such as mice, rats – which threatened key food supplies – and snakes, especiallycobras. Cats of royalty were, in some instances, known to be dressed in golden jewelry and were allowed to eat from their owners’ plates. Turner and Bateson estimate that during the Twenty-second dynasty c.945-715 BC, Bastet worship changed to being a major cat deity (as opposed to a lioness deity).[10] With the unification of the two Egypts, many similar deities were merged into one or the other, the significance of Bast and Sekhmet, to the regional cultures that merged, resulted in a retention of both, necessitating a change to one or the other. During later dynasties, Bast was assigned a lesser role in the pantheon, but retained.

In the temple at Per-Bast some cats were found to have been mummified and buried, many next to their owners. More than 300,000 mummified cats were discovered when Bast’s temple at Per-Bast was excavated. The main source of information about the Bast cult comes from Herodotus who visited Bubastis around 450 BC during the heyday of the cult. He equated Bastet with the Greek Goddess Artemis. He wrote extensively about the cult. Turner and Bateson suggest that the status of the cat was roughly equivalent to that of the cow in modern India. The death of a cat might leave a family in great mourning and those who could would have them embalmed or buried in cat cemeteries – pointing to the great prevalence of the cult of Bastet. Extensive burials of cat remains were found not only at Bubastis, but also at Beni Hasan and Saqqara. In 1888, a farmer uncovered a plot of many hundreds of thousands of cats in Beni Hasan.[10]

The lioness represented the war goddess and protector of both lands. As the fierce lion god Maahes of Nubia later became part of Egyptian mythology, during the time of the New Kingdom, Bastet was held to be the daughter of Amun Ra, a newly ascending deity in the Egyptian pantheon during that late dynasty. Bastet became identified as his mother in the Lower Egypt, near the delta. Similarly the fierce lioness war goddess Sekhmet, became identified as the mother of Maashes in the Upper Egypt.

Wadjet-Bast, with a lioness head of Bast, the solar disk, and the cobra that represents Wadjet

As divine mother, and more especially as protector, for Lower Egypt, Bastet became strongly associated with Wadjet, the patron goddess of Lower Egypt. She eventually became Wadjet-Bast, paralleling the similar pair of patron (Nekhbet) and lioness protector (Sekhmet) for Upper Egypt. Bast fought an evil snake named Apophis.

[edit]Later perception

This section needs additionalcitations for verification.(February 2010)

Later scribes sometimes renamed her Bastet, a variation on Bast consisting of an additional feminine suffix to the one already present, thought to have been added to emphasize pronunciation; perhaps it is a diminutive name applied as she receded in the ascendancy of Sekhmet in the Egyptian pantheon. Since Bastet literally meant, (female) of the ointment jar,[citation needed] Her name was related with the lavish jars in which Egyptians stored their perfume. Bast thus gradually became regarded as the goddess of perfumes, earning the title, perfumed protector. In connection with this, when Anubisbecame the god of embalming, Bast, as goddess of ointment, came to be regarded as his wife. The association of Bastet as mother of Anubis, was broken years later when Anubis became identified as the son of Nephthys.

Ancient Egyptian statue of Bastet

The Gayer-Anderson cat, believed to be a representation of Bastet

Lower Egypt’s loss in the wars between Upper and Lower Egypt led to a decrease in the ferocity of Bast. Thus, by theMiddle Kingdom she came to be regarded as a domestic cat rather than a lioness. Occasionally, however, she was depicted holding a lioness mask, hinting at her potential ferocity.

Because domestic cats tend to be tender and protective of their offspring, Bast also was regarded as a good mother, and she was sometimes depicted with numerous kittens. Consequently, a woman who wanted children sometimes wore an amulet showing the goddess with kittens, the number of which indicated her own desired number of children.

Eventually, her position as patron and protector of Lower Egypt led to her being identified with the more substantial goddess Mut, whose cult had risen to power with that of Amun, and eventually being syncretized with her as Mut-Wadjet-Bast. Shortly after, in the constantly evolving pantheon, Mut also absorbed the identities of the Sekhmet-Nekhbet pairing as well.

This merging of identities of similar goddesses has led to considerable confusion, leading to some attributing to Bastet the titleMistress of the Sistrum (more properly belonging to Hathor, who had become thought of as an aspect of the later emerging Isis, as had Mut), and the Greek idea of her as a lunar goddess (more properly an attribute of Mut) rather than the solar deity she was. The native Egyptian rulers were replaced by Greeks during an occupation of Egypt that lasted almost five hundred years.

These new rulers adopted many Egyptian beliefs and customs, but always “interpreted” them in relation to their Greek culture. These associations sought to link the antiquity of Egyptian culture to the newer Greek culture, thereby lending parallel roots and a sense of continuity. Indeed, much confusion occurred with subsequent generations; the identity of Bast slowly merged among the Greeks during their occupation of Egypt, who sometimes named her Ailuros (Greek for cat), thinking of Bast as a version of Artemis, their own moon goddess.

Thus, to fit their own cosmology, to the Greeks Bast is thought of as the sister of Horus, whom they identified as Apollo (Artemis’ brother), and consequently, the daughter of the later emerging deities, Isis and Ra. Roman occupation of Egypt followed in 30 BC, and their pantheon of deities also was identified with the Greek interpretations of the Ancient Egyptians. The introduction of Christianity and Muslim beliefs followed as well, and by the sixth century AD only a few vestiges of Ancient Egyptian religious beliefs remained, although the cult of Isis had spread to the ends of the Roman Empire.

[edit]In popular culture

Bast is a recurring character portrayed in various works by Neil Gaiman, including The Sandman and American Gods

Bastet, known as Bast in the series, is a recurring character in The Kane Chronicles trilogy by Rick Riordan. The goddess guards the house in which the protagonists reside, and serves the role of their protector.

Bubastis is the name of the genetically engineered Lynx companion of the main antagonist of the graphic novel Watchmen.

Bastet is a playable character in the Multiplayer online battle arenaSMITE. Bastet is a melee assassin and is nicknamed the Goddess of Cat.[11]

Bastet was a featured cursed Egyptian artifact in the 1998 CBS TV series “Early Edition” in season 2 episode 15 titled “Mums the Word”.

[edit]See also